Revive the Divinely Inspired Culture and Appreciate Its Significance (Part 3)  


Revive the Divinely Inspired Culture and Appreciate Its Significance (Part 3)  
4. The Essence of Traditional Culture
B) "Keeping to the doctrine of the mean" and "achieving harmony"
In the book Doctrine of the Mean, it is said, "Keeping to the doctrine of the mean is most fundamental in the world; achieving harmony will keep the road clear and smooth. When harmony is achieved, Heaven and Earth will stay in their right states, and all things will grow." The fundamental theory of the doctrine of the mean is based on the concept of the integration of nature and man as one, and it also serves as a principle for moral cultivation. Confucianism believes that all conflicts between other things and oneself, between other people and oneself, between reasoning and desires, and between people should be regulated by the principle of the doctrine of the mean and by maintaining harmony, in order to achieve the state of sincerity and kindness. Then Heaven, Earth, and all things will each have a role to play and all will reach the realm of harmony.
Confucius said, "A gentleman keeps to the doctrine of the mean, whereas a malicious man goes against it. The reason a gentleman keeps to the doctrine of the mean is because he is in that state at all times, and he never does more or less; a malicious man goes against the doctrine of the mean, because he is unscrupulous and always goes to extremes."
Zhu Xi said, "Keeping to the middle way is a righteous way, and the golden mean is a defined law." It says in Lun Yu, "In the application of rites, the most precious is to maintain harmony, and of the ways taken by rulers in the past, this is the most precious." Rulers in the past stipulated rites and created music to regulate people's code of conduct and educate the country, and they treated maintaining harmony of the land under heaven as their sacred historic mission. The Chinese nation has, since ancient times, attached importance to "maintaining harmony" and respecting the golden mean, and they relied on benevolence and virtues to keep the world in harmony. Song Yeshi said in Doctrine of the Mean, "Ancient people applied the mean, and, therefore, Heaven and Earth played their respective roles, and all things grew themselves; the emperors and court officials we know who followed the same principle include Yao, Shun, Yu, Tang, Wen, and Wu; if you do the same, then illegal conduct will not find its way in."

Ancient people paid attention to harmony between man and heaven and earth. With regard to interpersonal relations, Xunzi also put forward the concept of the "collective Tao." He believed that the reason people could live together was because there were differentiated roles and there was morality and justice; people should not harm others for their own desires and interests, and should care for and be kind and tolerant towards one another. The Confucian principles in handling interpersonal relations mainly include benevolence, justice, rites, wisdom, and trust. The principles they promoted, such as "benevolence," "don't do to others what one does not want done to himself," "remember what is right at the sight of profit," and "if people have no faith in a person, there is no standing for that person," became traditional virtues of the Chinese nation.
C) Values of life
In the book Shi.Daya.Zhengmin, it says, "Heaven created the masses of people, and there are matter and principles. The nature of people came from the nature of heaven." From the universal perspective of "nature and man integrated as one," the principles of Chinese traditional culture advocate that one should start by perfecting himself, "from the emperor to the common people, everyone should treat self-cultivation as the most important." It believed that people could reach a realm of "nature and man integrated as one" through cultivation and could communicate directly with the Tao and with gods. Confucianism advocates "self-cultivation, family-regulation, and good government to maintain peace and harmony on earth." Confucius advocated that one must conduct oneself well, even when he is alone, and one must examine oneself; one should have far-reaching aspirations and mold noble characters; be upright and not go beyond principles. Zhu Xi believed that a gentleman should have an upright manner with a righteous heart and sincerity. The Tao School pays attention to returning to one's true self and cultivating to become a true person. The Buddha School emphasizes the cultivation of kindness, to ultimately reach the realm of Buddha.
Chinese traditional culture pays attention to benevolence, to conforming to the mandate of Heaven, to being content with a simple but virtuous life, to being strict with oneself in all aspects while being tolerant towards others, and to thinking about others and helping others. Lao Zi advocated that one must follow the Tao in his conduct, act according to the principles, direct one's action according to the circumstances, let things happen naturally, and be calm and tolerant. Confucius believed that people should show compassion to everyone equally. Mencius said, "The highest virtue of a gentleman is to be kind towards others."
In Chinese traditional culture, the teachings and concepts of Confucianism, Buddhism, and Taoism had a deep influence on the Chinese people from generation to generation. People regarded the pursuit of truth and virtue as the most important, and they remained firm in their principles regardless of the circumstances. Zhuangzi once said, "A noble man is like a god. He would not feel the heat if lakes were burning, would not feel the cold if rivers were frozen, and would not be moved in the face of ferocious thunder and wind." For thousands of years, countless people with lofty virtue were widely praised, such as Tao Yuanming, who refused to curry favor for personal gains; Zhu Geliang, who could foresee events; Yue Fei, who was renowned for his loyalty to the country; Lu You, who was deeply concerned about his country and people.... These people were the backbone of the Chinese nation. They rose above personal loss and gain; they were upright and uncorrupted, cared about the people and were loyal to the country. Their upright deeds were recorded in history and have shone down through thousands of years. It is such values and the pursuit of truth that have pushed the Chinese nation forward through difficulties and hardships over its long history.
Traditional culture was bestowed upon man by the Divine, and humans were created by God. The core of traditional and righteous beliefs is to teach people to be good and to act according to the law of the universe, so as to achieve harmony between man and the universe. The purpose and significance of the Divinely-inspired culture lies in guiding people to measure things against moral standards and to maintain a righteous state of understanding principles that define "good and bad" and "righteous and evil." It also encourages people to pursue truth so that their true self will have a beautiful future. Its moral values and profound inner meanings also comprise an even more significant, sacred mission bestowed by history.
复兴神传文化 感悟文化意义 ()
    来源: 看中国

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